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Symptoms, Causes, Types and Prevention of Miscarriage

Miscarriage is a term used for a pregnancy that ends within the first 20 weeks on its own. It can also be seen as an instant loss of pregnancy or fetus on or before the first 20th week of pregnancy. Medically it is said to be an instant or immediate abortion.

In some cases, it occurs during the first 13 weeks or 23 weeks of pregnancy. The usual sign is seen during this process vaginal bleeding which will also include pain in the lower abdomen and cramping. Note that not all bleeding is a sign of miscarriage especially when it is light because a light vaginal bleeding can occur during the first stage of pregnancy which does not really mean you have a miscarriage.

Chemical pregnancy can be seen as the cause of 50 – 75% of miscarriages as it happens immediately after an implantation is carried out leading to the woman experiencing her normal monthly bleeding without the knowledge that she was pregnant.

                                                  Causes of Miscarriages

1.    Improper Egg implantation in the uterine lining.

2.    Bacteria are seen in raw eggs, unpasteurized dairy products and uncooked meats called Listeria.

3.    Uterine fibroids or chromosomal abnormality.

4.    Maternal trauma such as having a car accident.

5.    Chronic illnesses.

6.    Hormonal problems

7.    Radiation exposure or exposure to toxic substances.

8.    Excess smoking.

9.    Maternal age ( over 35)

10.Excess drinking

11.Poor immune system response.



14.Wrong use of drugs.

The percentage of a woman having a miscarriage is stated below

1.    20 – 35% chance of having miscarriage occurs among women who their age ranges from 35 – 45 years of age.

2.    10 – 25% chance for women who are in their childbearing years.

3.    15% chance for women under the age of 35 years old.

4.    25% chance for women who have experience miscarriage before to experience another miscarriage is due to the following conditions.

a.     If she has had three or more miscarriages.

b.    If she has some health problems.

c.     If she is suffering from cervical insufficiency.

5.      50% chance of miscarriage for women over the age of 45 years old.

     Symptoms or Signs that you are having a Miscarriage.

The following signs or symptoms indicates your pregnancy is at risk or you are about to experience a miscarriage.

1.    Loss of pregnancy symptoms such as vomiting or feeling nausea.

2.    Fever.

3.    Sudden diminish of pregnancy signs.

4.    Weight loss.

5.    White – pink mucus.

6.    Mild to severe back pain worse than menstrual cramps.

7.    Brown or bright red bleeding with or without cramps.

8.    Weakness.

9.    Clot like material with tissue flow from the vagina.

10.True contractions which happen every 5 – 20 minutes and very painful.

                                                    Types of Miscarriage

1.    Incomplete Miscarriage – it happens when there is an opening of the cervix or rupture of the membranes resulting in abdominal or back pain which brings about bleeding and cramps continuously as it is incomplete.

2.    Complete Miscarriage – this is when the embryo has been evacuated from the uterus and this is seen when bleeding or pains and cramps subside immediately. It can be confirmed by having an ultrasound.

3.    Threatened Miscarriage – in this condition the cervix remains closed but you will experience uterine bleeding with some cramping or lower backache in the early stage of your pregnancy to an extent, but this bleeding is due to the process of implantation that took place.

4.    Molar Pregnancy – it happens as a result of a genetic error that occurred during the fertilization process that results in the abnormal growth of tissue within the uterus. This type of pregnancy may not involve a developing embryo but you will experience some signs of pregnancy such as nausea, missed period and positive pregnancy test.

5.    Missed Miscarriage – this happens when the embryo dies suddenly but there is no evacuation of the dead embryo. The cause of this is not known but you will experience some signs of loss pregnancy and when you have an ultrasound it will be detected that there are no fetal heart tones.

6.    Blighted Ovum – it happens when a fertile egg is an implant into the uterine wall but no fetal development due to the presence of gestational sac with or without a yolk sac. It can also be called an Embryonic Pregnancy.

7.    Ectopic Pregnancy – this happens when implantation of fertilized egg in other places instead of the uterus, it mostly happens in the fallopian tube. This tends to be dangerous and deadly to the woman if the development of the implanted egg is not stopped immediately.

8.    Recurrent Miscarriage – this is a condition where a woman has 3 or more consecutive miscarriages during her first stage of pregnancy.

                                           How to Prevent Miscarriages

1.    Do not take alcohol.

2.    Do not stay in a smoky area and do not smoke.

3.    Avoid participating in activities that have a risk of injury or contact sports.

4.    Stop or reduce caffeine intake.

5.    Keep your abdomen safe.

6.    Take drugs prescribed by your doctor.

7.    Keep weight within a healthy limit.

8.    Try to manage stress.

9.    Eat healthy balanced diets.

10.Talk to your doctor before taking any over the counter medications.

11.Stay away from environmental hazards.

12.Obtain a healthy weight before you get pregnant.

13.Try to avoid infections.

14. Take regular exercise. 

With these above-mentioned facts, it is advised to take care of your yourself and baby. Any addition will be welcomed in the comment section. Please also share this post to those that may benefit from it.

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