19 Causes and 8 Treatments of Swellings in the body (edema)

April 06, 2017

Swollen feet are problems that can affect anyone because it is not a disease but rather signs of an underlying issue. Mostly, this problem occurs when fluid accumulates in the tissues resulting in swellings or when small blood vessels in your body release fluid into tissues next to it the excess of this result to the swelling of the tissues also known as edema. 

 Edema affects a small area of the entire body. Systemic disease such as nephrotic syndrome are the common cause of edema, it exists in different forms or types but the most common ones are eye, peripheral and cerebral edema. It can be analyzed using blood tests, heart function tests, liver function tests, chest x-ray or urine test.

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The different types or forms of edema are:


1   Dependent edema – is a type of edema that occurs on the legs and lower part of the body which happens due to the gravity and depending on a particular part of your bodies such as long standing or sitting position.

    Papilledema – pressure around the brain and in the skull result in swelling of the optic nerve of the eye.
    Cerebral edema – this is caused due to the excess accumulation of fluid in the brain.
     Pitting edema – this happens when you apply pressure to a swollen area on your body such as what happens when wearing an elastic sock it tends to be a normal reaction due to its fierceness.
     Hereditary angioedema – it happens when the capillaries in the body release excess fluids into the tissues closer to it which cause swelling but this condition is genetic and not commonly found.
    Lipedema – happens in the hips and legs due to an abnormality in the fatty tissues found in these regions which can result to lymphedema.

    Angioedema – this is commonly found on the face due to the deeper layer of the skin being affected by a swelling that occurs underneath the skin.
   Scrotal lymphedema – this happens due to excess fluid retention around the testes causing the enlargement of the scrotum.

    Macular edema – this affects the clear vision of the eye due to a swelling on the portion of the eye.
   .Pulmonary edema – it is a type of swelling that occurs due to excess accumulation of fluids in the lungs which affects the oxygen levels in the blood and causes short breath and cough.
   Ascites – this is the accumulation of excess fluid in the abdominal cavity.
   Idiopathic edema – is common mostly amount women under 50 years of age due to fluid retention it occurs in the absence of kidney, liver or heart disease which affects the body through obesity, diabetes, and emotional problems.
   Pedal edema – is a swelling that affects the foot.
    Peripheral edema – is a swelling that affects legs, hands or ankles.

                          Causes of swellings on the body (edema)
v      Overweight
v     Standing or sitting for too long
v    Aging
v    Pregnancy
v    Premenstrual syndrome

v    Nutritional deficiencies
v   Lack of physical exercise
v    Poor blood circulation
v     Brain tumor
v   Twisted ankle
v   Allergic reactions
v     Critical illness
v     Head injury
v    Heart disease
v    Medications
v     Excessive salt intake
v        Menopause
v       Arthritis
v          Heat

                                                    Symptoms of edema
a       Chest pain
b    Weight loss or gain
          Raise pulse rrated

.        Increased abdominal size
e     Puffiness of the face eyes or ankles
f        Stretched or shiny skin
       Hand and neck veins are fuller
i.       Shortness of breath
j.      Stiff joints
                           Treatments of swellings in the body (edema)

1    Avoid taking hot baths, showers, and saunas.
2    Always wear supporting stockings
.       Do not stand or sit in a particular place for a long time
             Try weight lose if you are overweight
               Reduce the intake of salt
        Always raise your legs to improve blood circulation 

The following kitchen ingredients can be used to treat swollen feet
1        Essential oil treatment

           Things needed are:-

-        Peppermint oil or lavender oil or almond oil ( 5 drops)
-        Epsom salts or baking powder  (one handful)

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Mix these ingredients in a basin of warm water and use to soak your feet for 10 minutes.
       Foot massage: - this is creating pressure on the affected area which helps to relax sore muscles and increases blood circulation. Rub the affected area with warm mustard oil or olive oil in an upward direction for 5 minutes but avoid applying too much pressure on it.

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