Eczema is a skin problem that involves the appearance of patches on the skin when it is cracked, rough, itchy and inflamed.
In some cases, there are appearances of blisters and it happens when the skin barrier function is affected.
Eczema can be triggered by many things such as foods (nuts and dairy), environmental factors such as smoke and pollen.
It affects both sexes and all skin colors, those with light skin the affected area may be red at first and later turn brown which is common among children. But the darker skin, it affects their pigmentation, where the affected area is lighter or darker in color.
In cases where eczema affects infants, it accompanies an itchy rash which results to oozing, crusting condition which surfaces in areas of the face and scalp but the patches can appear in any part of the body.
Eczema can be treated where it will diminish totally but in some cases, it is a lifelong skin problem. It is said to be genetic in nature, which is commonly found in families who have histories of asthma or other health allergies.
Types of Eczema
1. Seborrheic eczema – it appears mostly on the scalp and face, it surfaces as scaly yellowish and oily patches on the skin.
2. Contact eczema – this happens when the skin comes in contact with an allergen resulting in the localized reaction.
3. Allergic contact eczema (dermatitis) – this happens mostly when the skin comes in contact with a substance that the immune system identifies as strange to the skin, so it causes a skin reaction.
4. Dyshidrotic eczema – this kind of eczema accompanies irritation of the skin on your palms and soles of your feet known as blisters.
5. Stasis dermatitis – this involves skin irritation on the lower legs. It is usually seen as circulatory skin problems.
6. Nummular eczema – these involve scaling, itchy and crusted irritated skin problems that have circular patches on the skin.
Symptoms of Eczema
Atopic dermatitis is the most common kind of eczema that appears on the skin and also common among infants. These patches that surface on the skin is always very itchy.
Symptoms in infants are as follows
- Rashes appear and are always very itchy which can give the child sleepless nights and rub it continuously can result in skin infections.
Baby eczema cream
Baby eczema cream
- These rashes appear mostly on scalp and cheeks.
- It always shows some bubbles before weeping fluids appear on the skin.
Symptoms in children from 2 years to puberty stage
- Rashes appear in areas of the elbow, knees or nape of the neck, ankles, wrists, between buttocks and legs.
- It looks like bumps such as that of a goose bump.
- It covers almost all the parts of the body.
- It is thick and encourages the development of knots with a consistent pitch of the affected area.
Symptoms in adults
- Rashes make the skin dry.
- It makes the skin scaly.
- Rashes surface mostly in areas of the eyes face and neck.
- It encourages consistent pitch of the affected area.
- It can result in skin infections.
- It covers all the body.
Causes of Eczema
1. It is genetic in nature, it runs in families.
2. It can be triggered by environmental factors through irritants such as juices from meats, vegetables or fresh fruits, shampoos, and soaps.
3. Microbes that is bacteria such as viruses, fungi, staphylococcus, and aureus.
4. Allergens such as dandruff, pets, mites, pollens, mold, and dust.
5. Hormonal changes such as during menstrual cycles or pregnancy.
6. Hot and cold temperatures.
7. Eating of foods such as eggs, nuts and seeds, wheat, soy products and dairy products.
Treatments of Eczema
1. Always use a known – soap cleanser or a mild soap when washing.
2. Always apply a moisturizer on your skin.
3. Apply this moisturizer immediately after taking your bath to lock in moisture in your skin.
4. Try to know things that trigger eczema on your body and avoid them.
5. Always use a humidifier in dry or cold.
6. Avoid activities that make you per pirate excessively and changes in temperatures.
7. Always take warm baths.
8. Always cut your fingernails short to prevent scratching of the body which may lead to the breaking of the skin.
9. Always pat your skin dry with a towel or air dry it naturally but do not scrub the skin after bathing.
10. Always wear clothes that are made from cotton and soft, stay away from clothes that are tight fitting, scratchy and rough.
11. Using biological washing powders and fabric conditioners can deteriorate skin problems.
Homemade Remedies for Treating Eczema
1. Rub coconut oil on the affected area.
2. You can also rub a mixture of tea tree oil and olive oil to the affected area.
3. Add a mixture of 2 teaspoons olive oil with a glass of milk to your bath water.
4. Moisturize and soothe your dry skin with adding a cup of mineral or vegetable oil to a warm bath.
5. Add flax seeds to smoothies and salads.
6. You can also rub aloe vera gel to the affected area.
7. Apply the mixture of apple cider vinegar with water on the affected area.
8. You can also rub warm olive oil to the affected area to soften scaly patches.