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Beauty Tips On All Skin Types And 7 Guidelines On How To Identify Your Skin Type

February 09, 2017

Having an idea of your skin type is very important, so as to know the skincare products to apply on your skin and how to treat them without making mistakes.

 Your skin type is genetically determined meaning you were born with it, so it is left for you to identify your skin type, match it with the right treatment methods so as to look great, nourished and slow down the aging process.

     Your skin type can change over time due to your age, diet, hormonal changes, weather conditions or skin care products used on the skin.

 This means that your skin type is dynamic and may change.  Your skin type can be determined using the following factors;



v How much oil is present in your skin which indicates the level of softness of the skin?

v  How sensitive your skin is? This indicates the rate at which your skin is fragile.

v How much water is present in your skin? This affects its level of comfortability and elasticity.

There are tips that we have to follow if you want to maintain a well-nourished skin and looking radiant always.

 No matter your skin type, they are as follows:

Wash your skin thoroughly every day and don’t be hard handed on it.

Never wear makeup to bed at night.

Avoid smoking.

Always stay hydrated.

Avoid direct sunlight.

If you must go out under the sun, wear a hat and sunglasses.

Always use a sunscreen that blocks UVA (ultraviolet A long-wave) and UVB  (ultraviolet B shortwave) rays.

Skin types are classified into five namely

Normal skin type

Dry skin type

Combination skin type

Oily skin type

Sensitive skin type.


                                               Normal Skin Type

This skin type can be regarded as the best skin type because it is not too oily or dry. It has adequate and good blood circulation, healthy complexion, feels clean at all times.

     It does not have breakout issues because even with little or no care you are good to go.

 Someone with a normal skin is regarded to be a lucky person because naturally, the skin looks smooth and radiant. The skin may not discover and kind of difference in the skin throughout the day.

      A normal skin feels graceful, elastic and sparkling. The skin looks great as the person advances in age; the skin does not need a consistent or compulsory application of moisturizer because naturally it looks moisturized on its own. It is a skin type common among youths.

                        Properties Of a Normal Skin Type

§  Has a radiant complexion.

§  Has few or no a defect or shortcomings.

§  The level of its sensitivity is low.

§  The pores are not visible.

§  It always looks clean and smooth.

                                                      Dry Skin Type

This skin type feels rough, flaky, tight, itchy and dry; it is prone to breakouts, wrinkles, aging, and irritation. Dry and sensitive skin is similar in nature, just that sensitive type of skin is prone to redness after application of skin care products. 

A dry skin type looks dry after applying skincare products for hours, looking flaky and dry; it promotes a dull tone, irritations, aging, wrinkles and fine pores.

 When it gets very dry, your skin turns scaly and rough and you will notice this on the back of your legs, hands, and arms.

The followings can make a dry skin get worse

·        Medications

·        Long hot baths

·        Indoor heating

·        Your genes

·        Ultraviolet radiation from tanning beds

·        Ingredients in soaps, cosmetics or cleansers

·        Weather

·        Aging or hormonal changes.

You can help your dry skin with the following tips

   Use a humidifier; don’t let indoors temperatures to be too hot.

   Wear gloves when using cleaning agents, solvents or household detergents.

   Endeavor to bath once daily and take shorter showers.

   Use soaps or cleansers that are mild and gentle to the skin and deodorant soaps must be ward off.

   Always apply moisturizers such as creams and ointments after bathing as they are better than lotions for dry skin type, and make sure you apply this cream each time the skin gets dry throughout the day so as to get the skin moisturized always.

   When bathing or drying your body, do not scrub to prevent the skin from being too dry.
                                      Combination Skin Type

A skin that falls into this category is dry or normal in some areas and oily in areas like the T – zone (nose, forehead, and chin). 

 It is determined by the present weather conditions, and it is common among most women. Its treatment is slightly different as you will need to treat the two patches involve.

     Dry areas which are the cheeks and eyes areas are to be treated with rich creams and moisturizers while the oily areas usually the T – zone will be cleaned always to reduce excess oil.

           Properties Of Combination Skin Type

v  It is prone to breakouts such as blackheads or whiteheads.

v It has a shiny look.

v The pores are larger because they are more open.

                                              Sensitive Skin Type

This is a type of skin that reacts easily to skin care products; it is usually dry, tight, scaly, easily irritated, inflamed and itchy in nature. It is seen as the most fragile and problematic type of skin that requires a special kind of treatment.

    Also, it requires a lot of research to know the right skin care product that will not cause irritation to the skin. It is prone to rashes or red patches; it is likely to feel dry and rough afternoon or night.

 Although the irritations may occur due to some reasons mostly it occurs due to its reaction to a certain skin care product so it is advisable to find out products that cause irritations to the skin and stay away from them to avoid further irritations.
                           Properties Of Sensitive Skin Type

It is prone to the following

·        Dryness

·        Itching

·        Redness

·        Breaking into spots

·        Burning
          Oily Skin Type

This is a type of skin that looks greasy, thick, shiny and coarse. It is prone to blackheads, whiteheads, and acne and clogged pores. It is seen as a problematic skin type, as it requires care to maintain.  

It looks shiny during the midday, it can be maintained by cleaning it carefully always, reducing your consumption of carbohydrates, staying away from rich creams that can cause excess secretion of oil.

  Its advantage is that people with this skin type are not prone to aging and wrinkles; rather they look younger by the day. It is easily affected by weather and the time of the year.

                               Properties Of An Oily Skin Type

   It is prone to break-outs.

   It has enlarged pores.

Its complexion is either dull or shiny but thick.

   Always moist, greasy and coarse even after cleaning.

                    Factors That Affects Oily Skin Type

   Stress

   Heat or too much of cold

   Puberty

  Hormonal imbalances

   Menstrual cycle

                            How To Care For Oily Skin Type

   Always use a gentle cleanser when doing facial treatment.

   Avoid picking or squeezing or popping pimples because it will take some time to heal.

   Do not scrub to prevent dryness.

   Always clean or wash twice a day and after sweating a lot to control the secretion of oil.

   Always watch out for the word ‘noncomedogenic’ (meaning it won’t clog pores) when purchasing any skin care product.

                         How To Know Your Skin Type

Your skin type can be determined by the following ways:

1.     By visiting a dermatologist.

2.     Using a blotting paper

All you need to do is to get a blotting paper from a cosmetics shop or from Amazon. When it is night, wash your face and go to bed without applying anything on it.

 When it is morning, before going about your morning or daily chores, stand in front of your mirror and blot the key areas of your face which are the T – zone,  the forehead, under eyes, cheeks, jaw. After this observe the oil absorbed by the blotting paper.

    If the paper has excess oil on most areas of your face, then you have an oily skin. If some of the areas of your face have excess oil but some areas are dry then you have a combination type of skin.

 If the blotting paper has an average amount of oil in all the areas of your face then you have a normal skin type but if the blotting paper has little or no oil on it then you have a sensitive or dry skin type.

3.     Observation

This can be achieved by observing your skin and guess your skin type with the results gotten from the following steps;

Once you wake up in the morning, wash your face and go about your day and make sure you don’t wash your face again or apply any product or makeup until you finish this examination process, no wiping or blotting as well.

  When it is mid-day, stand in front of your mirror to see how your skin looks. If you have excess oil on all the key areas your face or it is shiny then you have an oily face.

 If you notice excess oil on the T – zone area of your face but little or no oil on other areas of your face, then you have a combination type of skin.

 If you notice dry patches with a little peeling and possibly redness on your face, you have a dry or sensitive skin type but if the oil on your entire face is on the average then you have a normal skin type.

4.     By touching

This can be done by feeling your skin with your hands. Wash your face in the morning, do not apply any skincare product or makeup. When it is midday stand in front of your mirror and have a feel of the key areas of your skin.

   If your skin is moist on the T – zone area and other key areas then you have an oily skin. If you feel excess oil or moisture on the T – zone area but feel dryness and roughness in other areas, then you have a combination skin type.

     If you feel an average amount of oil on all the key areas of your skin, you have a normal skin type but if you feel dryness, itchy and roughness on all the key areas of your face then you have a dry or sensitive type of face.

5.     By your pores

You can determine your skin type by observing your pores. If your pores are not noticeable on the cheek and other key areas except your T –zone area which will have larger pores and clogged always, then you have a combination type of skin.

    If your pores are normal or large but your skin react to skincare products or is easily irritated and changes with the weather of the day, then you have a sensitive skin type.

   If your pores are always not noticeable and look the same as how it was in the morning with no changes, then you have a normal skin type.

    If your skin clogs easily from the excess oil your body secretes and your sweats, you always have to struggle with large pores, and then you have an oily skin type.

     If you have small pores that are always tight and are determined by the weather then you have a dry skin type.

6.     By how you feel after cleaning your face

Your skin type can  be determined after cleaning your face with a cleanser, the after reaction you notice after using the cleanser tells your skin type which is as follows:

After cleaning your face, if your feel refreshed, clean and less or no oil on the T – zone area of your face but feel dryness around the area of your cheeks then you fall into the combination skin type.

 After cleaning your face, if you feel less or no oil on your face and also clean only when you are cleaning your face but immediately you stop you have the feeling of oil, then you fall into the oily skin type.

  After cleaning your face, if you don’t have the feeling of dryness, or redness and the oil on your face is normal that is your face is not looking too shining then you fall into the normal skin type.

 After cleaning your face, if you notice patches of dryness on your face, you are feeling dehydrated then you fall into the dry skin type.

After cleaning your face, if you notice some patches of dryness on your face, you feel itchy, some kind of irritation on your face then you fall into the sensitive skin type.

7.     Use of facial tissue

A facial tissue is used to wipe the face to remove built up dirt and remove makeup, it can also be used to determine your skin type in the following way:

 When you wake up in the morning, use a facial tissue to wipe your face and see the result. If the tissues do not show any traces of oil but rather looks supple, elastic and vibrant then you have a normal skin type.

  If after wiping, your skin feels dry, flaky and tight, the facial tissue will also be dry then you have a dry skin type.

  If after wiping you notice some traces of oil around the T – zone and dry patches on other parts of your face, then you have combination type of skin.

  If after wiping, you notice dry patches on your face, the tissue will be dry and you will feel itchy, scaly and possibly redness on your face then you have a sensitive type of skin.

  If after wiping, there are spots of facial oil on the tissue especially on the T – zone areas and other key areas of your face then you have an oily skin type.

Generally, with the idea of your skin type, you will try to learn the in and out of your skin type and the kind of skincare products to use on your skin.

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