Natural Causes And Effects Of Skin Tanning

February 08, 2017

Skin tanning is a process where the skin is exposed to the solar ultraviolet radiation or rays from artificial sources in excess whereby causing discoloration of the skin.

 It is a process where some parts of the skin is darker than some due to much exposure of the skin to the sun, many tend to tan their skin intentionally in the name of civilization or fashion which is regarded as sunless tan, using tanning beds but research has made it known that it causes more harm than good to the skin.

    This is possible because the exposure of the skin to ultra-violet radiation pierce deep to the lower layers of the epidermis which generate cells known as melanocytes, due to the high increase in the production of melanin in the body. 

Melanin is a natural pigment which is produced by the skin cells; it is the pigment responsible for the production of colors in the body such as the hair, eyes and skin color.

 It can also be seen as the cell protecting the skin from burning when exposed to direct sunlight, this obligation makes it produce it in excess when exposed to direct sunlight or artificial radiations.

     When produced in excess, it makes the skin tone change within the next 48 hours, this process appear according to your skin type and at times it may be a genetic problem which must be avoided due to the higher risk it causes to the skin.

    Skin tanning is most common among people in Europe or United States because most of them want a darker skin due to one reason or the other.

They opt for the artificial way of achieving their aims, visiting a tanning salon to darken their skin color with the aid of a tanning bed or lamps.
                                        Effects Of Skin Tanning

1.     It causes photo aging as this process makes the skin collagen to break down completely.

2.     It weakens the immune system.

3.     It causes skin cancer.

4.     It stimulates the development of free radicals.

5.     Overuse of tanning beds or lamps damages the eye.

6.     It damages the structure of the skin.

7.     It kills faster when ignored, making it spread to other body organs in no time.

8.     It results to an illness known as melanoma.


1.     Do not expose yourself to excess ultraviolet radiation of the sun or artificial radiation as it damages the skin.

2.     If you are to go out in the sun, use sunscreen, wear protective clothing, use a hat or stay under a shade.

3.     Take precaution measures in the use of some commercial products which makes the skin more sensitive to ultra-violet radiation of the sun.

4.     When going for a sunless tan, follow the instructions laid down by the manufacturers of the tanning bed or lamp before engaging in the act.

5.     Before engaging in a sunless tan, discuss with the salon operator on the level of your skin sensitivity before the act.

6.     Make sure you don’t exceed the speculated time of the tan process.

7.      Always try to put on a safety eye-wear recommended for the type of sunless tan you intend doing.

8.     Always apply sunscreen every one and a half hour or two hours.

9.     After each swimming exercise or sweating, apply a sunscreen.

10.   Do not use an airbrush or spray-on tanned skin.

11.  Do not use tanning accelerators or tanning pills which are used to fasten the process of skin darkening.

Always be vigilant and report any abnormal reactions noticed after the tanning process and seek the help of a health care professional for adequate follow-ups. 

 Remember, there is nothing like safe tanning because it will have negative effects on the long run. 

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